The importance of ag trade
Illinois Farm Bureau is a strong advocate for trade and the importance of improving access to foreign markets for American goods and services – including agricultural products.
IFB policy supports increased agricultural exports to efficiently utilize the productive resources of American agriculture in order to enhance farm income and improve the farm economy.
Regarding free-trade agreements, we support aggressively seeking improved market access and reduced trade barriers for agriculture and other industries through the support of bilateral, regional, and multi-lateral free trade agreements.
Seventy percent of U.S. adults see foreign trade as an opportunity for economic growth. Despite this majority, 25 percent of adults see increased exports as a threat to the United States despite significant data revealing the benefits of trade.
Trading of U.S. agricultural products has significantly grown in the past 20 years, with yearly exports increasing by $40 billion over the past 10 years.
The truth is that trade does not threaten the U.S. economy or jobs. Rather, it is an essential tool in improving quality of life and stimulating economic activity.
On a percentage basis, the U.S. has more arable land than populous nations like China, India and others. Moreover, every U.S. farmer grows enough food to feed 152 people. In fact, the high level of agricultural productivity in the U.S. makes agriculture 2.5 times more reliant on trade than the overall economy.
That's why maintaining policies that support trade is so important to farmers and other sectors of the economy.
Trust in trade
While a considerable number of Americans support trade, concerned American citizens want to know that trade will not displace jobs to other countries. Over the past 30 years, favorability toward trade has increased when unemployment is low and decreased when unemployment is high. Currently, the unemployment rate is low, which could explain the high trust in trade.
The reality is that working-class Americans should trust trade to provide jobs, not take them away. For example, every dollar of agricultural exports stimulates $1.28 in business activity.
U.S. ag exports in 2016 required 1,097,000 full-time jobs, including 764,000 jobs in the non-farm sector. Exporting U.S. agricultural goods like corn, soybeans, beef, cotton, pork and wheat provides jobs for farmers but also a multitude of other businesses.
There are 420 regional trade agreements and more than 250 free-trade agreements (FTAs) globally. The U.S. only has 14 free-trade agreements with 20 countries around the world, but those countries account for 43 percent of total U.S. agricultural exports.
Free trade is a way to incentivize other countries to buy U.S. agricultural products over those from our competitors. Free trade also benefits U.S. citizens because it provides lower prices and more choices of many goods and services.
Free-trade agreements in which the U.S. is a partner include:
- Australian FTA
- Bahrain FTA
- Dominican Republic-Central America FTA (CAFTA-DR)
- Chile FTA
- Colombia FTA
- Israel FTA
- Jordan FTA
- U.S.-Korea FTA (KORUS)
- Morocco FTA
- North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) (Canada and Mexico)
- Oman FTA
- Panama FTA
- Peru FTA
- Singapore FTA
Agriculture has had a trade surplus each year since 1959. In the years since 2010, agriculture exports have averaged nearly $140 billion, with imports being near $100 billion.
With growing public concern about the United States' overall trade deficit, agriculture is a reliable exporter that should be incentivized and encouraged. The best way to ensure that agriculture maintains a trade surplus and continues to support the economy is to expand and protect free-trade agreements. Implementing trade policies that are advantageous to both the consumer and the farmer are extremely important to Illinois Farm Bureau. IFB and other partners in agriculture are strong supporters of free-trade agreements, including NAFTA, the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, KORUS, and others.